Weight Loss

Is Derek Wahler’s Belly Fat Shrinking Signal a good book?

Fat Shrinking Signal is a 21-day sequential home-based slimming program that uses natural methods to help you get rid of extra bodyweight as well as tone your muscles. The program is a creation of Derek Wahler who claims to be a Certified Turbulence Trainer and a NASM Certified Personal Trainer. Derek refers to himself as the “weight loss whisperer” and claims to overcome the challenges of traditional diet and exercise routines to help people lose weight. He created this simple follow along body shaping program based on science to help people of all ages and physical conditions successfully shrink body fat.

How does Fat Shrinking Signal Work?

This fat shrinking program targets all angles of your body so that you can tone and trim every inch without the boring effects associated with the same everyday workout routines. Its full body burn sequence sends fat burning signals to the brain through unique complete body movements to release trapped fat in the body. Fat Shrinking Signal relies on the effects of leptin to assist in weight loss. Leptin is a body hormone linked to weight loss and feelings of satiety, it lets you know when you are full and to stop eating.

When the brain does not receive leptin signals, it thinks that the body is starving and thus can never tell when you are full. As a result, you end up having too much storage fat as a result of the food you eat. Bearing this in mind, this program works to counter the problem of leptin level plummet and turn your body into a fat-burning system.

What is Included in the Fat Shrinking Signal Package?

The Fat Shrinking Signal program is based on performing certain exercises, in a particular manner, sequence and intensity for various body parts. It may take a while to master the exercise sequence, but once you do, it should take just about ten minute to complete. The essence of the system is targeted “slimming sequence” that includes four steps:

Body Slimming Burst #1 – The program begins to burn fat immediately with the first step that activates your “Fat Shrinking Signal” that flushes out trapped body fat so that you look and feel slimmer almost immediately. It is asserted that using the Fat Shrinking technique is like performing rapid liposuction, only that without the dangerous side effects or health risks. Therefore, you should be prepared for the psychological shift that comes with it.

Body Shaping Burst #2- This step releases fat-burning signals to your brain so that it instantly releases the trapped fat around the heart, arms, belly and thighs. It features unique body movements that shape the troublesome areas and melt fat away. This step is also known as the “Shock Your System”, it will activate five “shock points” concurrently, to firm and shape common body trouble spots.

Body Sculpting Burst #3 – This is a tightening and toning routine that includes a 40-second tummy slimming movement. It also activates anti-aging enzymes to get you looking years younger and releases the breakdown of fat in your body through the 10-minute “Fire Cracker” method.

Body Shredding Burst #4 – This fourth and final approach activates your metabolism, ignites calorie burning and lowers blood pressure. This means you are able to lose double, or even triple the fat because of the metabolism activation and become slimmer and more toned without adding extra sets or minutes to your workout

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Surviving a Bear Attack

How to survive a Bear attack!

Bears can attack people if they feel they are in danger, if they are surprised, have cubs or are protecting their territory. If at all possible – steer clear of the bear! But if you have put your self in a situation where you can not avoid them, make sure they are not surprised by you.

Here are some crucial rules to live by.

1. Never camp or hike alone.

2. Avoid bears. That “teddy” bear can turn you into ground beef really quick – this includes the smaller black bear.

3. Do not feed it even from the “safety” of your car. There have been movies made that show people being ripped from their cars because they were dim-witted enough to feed it. If you have to feed an animal, feed your cat or dog at home. The wild is well, wild and wild animals will attack given the right circumstance.

4. Do not leave food around camp. This is the chief reason a bear will come into your camp as they smell food. Zip up your tent even if it’s hot and clammy. Always keep an eye out. Please clean your camp and put any fires out before you leave. If you have any food left, seal it in plastic or in a container far up into a tree away from the camp site. Better he has that food for dinner than “camper ala cart”.

Bear profiles:

The black bear is a scavenger and although small is very dangerous. More commonly seen around human habitats, it may not think of you as an enemy. Be careful and use the procedure below.

Grizzly bears will attack you on a whim. Although not aggressive by nature they are very unpredictable. He might run away. He might see you and act as though you are just another animal or he might charge you if he woke up on the wrong side of his bed. Grizzly bears rarely maintain the attack however, with their huge size and weight they can with little effort mangle an average size man.

Polar bears are a different nightmare. Indians still live in fear of them and there is plenty of history to divulge the terror of what they can do. These creatures can and do stalk humans. They are highly intelligent and deadly. Staying out of polar bear area is wise and will keep you alive. Unless you are doing a project for national geographic, do not engage!

What to do. . .

Singing, talking or listening to music out loud is a good way to not surprise any animal. In any case most bears will leave your area as they don’t really look for a conflict.

The rule is if you are facing a bear, talk gently while holding your arms above your head and slowly walk away. Be aware of your surroundings so you don’t trip over something as this can create a problem! Holding your arms above your head not only makes you look bigger but keeps his attention as you walk away.

Bears may grunt, growl and some times put their head low with their ears back before an attack. If a bear stands on its legs it’s not a sign of aggression, it’s just trying to get a view of where you are at.

So what happens if that does not work and you realize your going to be attacked? While this can be a horrifying experience you must keep your wits about you. Shooting a bear does not usually stop an attack. Sometimes the more valuable weapon is bear spray.

If you notice the bear is going to charge you, spray! Bear sprays shoot out at a great distance. In any case do not try to run. Some bears can run as fast as a horse and definitely run faster then you. Quickly do one of two things. The best thing to do is find a large tree that you can quickly climb. Make a lot of noise and waving your hands as this might make the animal leave. If you are stuck on the ground keep your back-pack on, this will give you some protection for your back. Cover your head and neck and get into a fetal position. PLAY DEAD. Continue even if you are being bitten. In many cases the bear will quickly realize you’re not a threat and leave. What if he does not stop? Scream, yell and fight back, this includes throwing dirt in its eyes, throwing large rocks at its head- anything to make him realize your not going to be an easy meal. With some people that was enough to get away unharmed.

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Camping Food Storage – How to Keep Your Food From Being Stolen By Animals

Birds, squirrels, chipmunks, raccoons, deer and more. They look cute but when your back is turned, watch out. They’ll easily take a chance to rummage around for your food. Although many of these animals are small they pack a big strong bite and their sharp teeth can cut through just about anything, their sharp claws can open up most boxes and containers.

I have lost a fleece jacket to a squirrel after leaving it on our picnic table for an afternoon with a few bits of nuts in a pocket. That squirrel ate his way through my zipper to get to the pocket and eat the bits of nuts.

We’ve also had what we thought were raccoon proof containers invaded. The lids were torn apart and broken off and the food inside became a buffet for a family of raccoons one night.

Even some types of food coolers are easily broken into by bears. With crafty paws, sharp teeth and a desire to stop at nothing to munch on your food the only animal proof way to protect your food and containers is to either hang your food or better yet when camping with your family, keep your food stored in your vehicle when you are not at your campsite.

Even dry food that is sealed in containers or zip lock bags can attract wild animals. Their sense of smell is so much greater than a human’s sense of smell and even sealed food can become easy prey for them.

Do not store your food inside your tent either. You risk losing your tent to the wild if they really want a sample. These animals can rip through fabric, tear through zippers and will stop at just about nothing to get to your great smelling food.

Our best advice is to keep your food inside the large containers and coolers you’ve brought with you camping. Only bring food out for meal time and snacks. When you are leaving your campsite for long periods of time place your food containers inside your vehicle. And never leave open food or any food item on your picnic table, eating table, inside your tent or just laying around your campsite unless you want it to disappear. If you do, you’ll attract more animals as they’ll see your site as easy prey.

Some coolers are more bear proof then others and if your cooler is a very large and heavy one you can chance it and leave it out at night. It also depends on how bear friendly the area is where you are camping. If there are bears in the area I wouldn’t leave your cooler to chance.

Protect your food, protect your food containers and keep the animals at a safe distance from your campsite. They look cute but don’t mind stealing your food. Don’t leave any food out after eating, keep all your food inside containers and place those containers inside your vehicle during extended time away from your campsite.

Happy Camping!

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The Bare Truth About the Hippopotamus

Hippopotamus means river horse in Greek and spends most of the day soaking in the water and even though it appears docile, it is a fact that the hippopotamus is one of the more ill-tempered mammals in the wild. Hippos kill more humans than any other wild animals such as tigers, lions or even gorillas included.

Hippos are fiercely territorial and are common knowledge that hippos attack boats that infiltrate large herds and fisherman who work along the banks and frequently lay waste to inland fields, crops, farms while roaming the land at night. Hippos are huge animals and often grow up to 15 feet long and weighing up to 8000 pounds. (Remember ‘Moto-Moto’ from Madagascar 2 movie?) They can run up to 20mph and have large, strong choppers, canine teeth that can as long as 20 inches. Do you know that crocodiles don’t pick a fight with hippos because hippos can literally bite crocodiles in half easily! Imagine what it will do to a fragile human body.

If you go diving in jungle rivers or lakes, make sure they are no hippos in the region. If you encounter a hippo, go ashore as quickly as you can because they are clumsier on land. Do not try to go head on with a charging hippo as most probably you will end up like a squash marshmallow. If you have to fight with a hippo, poke its eyes and stay out of their mouth. You may not be able to outrun a hippo, but you can easily out maneuver the hippo by running in zigzag fashion and climb a tree if you see one.

Hippopotamus have glands that ooze a protective oily liquid whose red color has led to many myths that hippos sweat blood. Actually the oil helps the skin moist and possibly helps heal wounds and combat germs.

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Understanding Some Basic Bear Terminology

Organised bear tours with an expert wildlife company are an excellent way to observe these magnificent animals in a safe and instructive manner. If you’re embarking on a tour with a qualified wildlife guide you might hear some unfamiliar terms, so before setting off, make sure to brush up on your bear vocabulary.

Adaptation – Adaptation is a biological process in which a species gradually becomes better suited to its environment. Like most plants and animals, bears have adapted to their individual environments, and have specialised features that help them make the best of their surroundings. The Polar Bear, for example, has evolved over thousands of years to adapt to its frozen surroundings with wide paws, thick blubber, and white fur.

Habitat – During bear tours, you are treading in the bear’s habitat, its natural ecological and environmental home. For example, deciduous and coniferous forests are the habitat of the Black Bear, and the edges of the Arctic ice pack are the habitat of Polar Bears.

Hide – On most bear tours, you will observe the animals from a hide (sometimes called a blind in North America). A hide is a shelter used to observe wildlife at close range. It is typically camouflaged so as to blend into the observed animal’s environment. A hide is somewhat reminiscent of a garden shed – normally wooden, with small openings or shutters built into the side to enable observation. Some hides, especially ones built for bird watching, are quite simple – perhaps only a wooden screen. Bear hides are much sturdier, with some even having toilets and beds inside for overnight stays.

Naturalist – Most bear tours will be led by a qualified naturalist, an expert in natural history fields such as zoology or botany. A naturalist will have spent many years studying plants and animals in the wild.

Range – A range is the geographic area normally inhabited by a species. For example, a Grizzly Bear’s range includes Alaska, south-western Canada, and parts of the north-western United States. A bear’s home range, on the other hand, is simply the area in which an individual animal lives, hunts, and mates during its life. The size of an animal’s home range is influenced by available food, mates, the time of year, and the age and size of the animal.

Subspecies – You might be overwhelmed by the huge and diverse bear family, but remember there are only eight species of bear: the Black Bear, the Brown Bear, the Polar Bear, the Asian Black Bear, the Sloth Bear, the Sun Bear, and the Giant Panda. All other bears, like the Grizzly Bear or Spirit Bear, are subspecies of an already extant species.

Territory – At times, some bears may show aggression to defend their territory, an area of its habitat over which it claims dominance. Territory may be defended for courtship and feeding rights, or, in the case of females, for breeding.

On bear tours, as with any wildlife tour, it’s helpful to have a little knowledge ahead of time. With the right facts and phrases, you can get a richer, more informative experience from observing these amazing animals.

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Adventures of a Masai Boy

The adventure life of most consultants and guides, especially those in tourism fraternity, commence as a joke during their tender ages. This is later developed into a hobby as they grow up doing almost the same type of activity that forms part of their life. Take an example of an orphaned Masai boy who grew up looking after cattle. In Kenya, Masai is one of the 42 ethnic tribes who have managed through thick and thin to maintain their traditional African culture. Their lives revolve around cattle rearing and migrating from one region to another in search of water and pasture for the large herds of cattle. Just imagine this young boy of 12 years for instance, alone in the thick bushes of Masai Mara, with all the risks of the black-maned lion or an aggressive rhino emerging from any direction!

Once in a while this has always happened, and a huge battle between the Masai boys has always come to pass. Surprisingly enough, the boys have always survived the fights with remarkable lion scratches that give them a right of passage from childhood to adulthood. After this memorable fight and a close encounter in this Kenya’s land of wildebeest migration, with a very high concentration of wild animals, the boy would definitely learn a lot about the animal’s behaviour and how to go about any sort of confrontation while in the bush.

Both the Kenya and Tanzania Masai communities share quite a number of similarities and follow the same cultural activities that make them different from the rest of the communities. The boys spend most of their days in the bush, feeding on wild fruits, dried meat and milk for their lunch. They know so many birds, that they can easily tell the species of different birds just by listening to their sounds.

Most of them actually track hyenas and wild dogs which sneak into their homes at night and attack their sheep and goats. Do you know how they do this? they look at the foot prints and sniff the leaves of shrubs that the wild animals might have walked through and this has always worked out for them perfectly well!!

They can make the best and the most sincere tour guides and safari consultants in the tourism field.

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Stiff – The Curious Lives of Human Cadavers – A Review

TREES are important to human beings as they provide shelter, fruits, firewood and sometimes its barks or roots can be used as medicine to heal certain diseases.

Most African countries including Zimbabwe should preserve the flora and faunas that are God-given. Despite having the ministry of Environment in African countries, less concern is placed on preserving trees for a healthy environment that can benefit both human beings and animals.

Wild birds can use trees as their inhabitancy as well as some of the reptiles to enrich the eco-system. This may also improve on the fertility of the soil through biodiversity, which is natural soil richness

Trees are good in our lives as their scent can produce health smells for breathing which may help in the circulation of oxygen within our red blood cells. Again if there are some hurricanes or whirlwind tree leaves can trap the strength of the wind.

African people across the world should be educated on maintaining a healthy environment that will have long term benefits to the members. It is our duty to document the names of the indigenous trees and pass the knowledge to the new generation as indigenous knowledge.

Due to the power outages like in Zimbabwe where electricity is a challenge, most people resort to cutting down trees for firewood a move that have destroyed most of our forestry. Both those in rural areas and urban centers cut down trees at an alarming rate as a source of energy a move that the government and the relevant ministry should control in order to prevent the disappearance of special local shrubs.

Urban farming in most high density and low-density suburbs in most parts of Zimbabwe should be condemned in order to keep our forestry balanced. Zimbabwe is currently experiencing rural-urban migration, with most people preferring to be in urban centers than in rural areas.

Tress are important to us as human beings as they improve on the rate of evapor-transpiration leading to a high rate of rainfall. It has been studied and discovered that areas with thick dense forestry experience high rainfalls fall.

Africans should be educated also to transplant some of these shrubs to their areas that a drought resistance. This is the education that if well implemented can assist local people to benefit from maintaining a healthy environment.

Thorn bushes which are favoured by goats and other wild animals especially are drought resistant and can be used by farmers in rural areas to fence their fields.

Trees can be used as a source of income for foreigners who may visit to conduct their studies. If host communities are well taught to take care of trees, this may be an inheritance that they can pass to the next generations in their area.

Zimbabwean curriculum at both primary, Secondary and tertiary institutions should teach pupils and students to value trees in their everyday lives.

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Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve The Land of The Tiger

Pristine forests, snaking rivers, marshy grasslands, steep cliffs and table top mounains creates an ecosystem that supports myriads of life forms. This creates a biodiversity that is worthy of being preserved in ever sinking space occupied by urban surroundings and the infrastructure development taking place at a rapid pace in India. Sal is the primary flora besides saaz, dhawa, beheda, harra, bel, jamun, palas, amaltas, tendu, tinsa, Indian ghost tree, garri, arjun, banyan, son pakad, peepul, pakri, wild mango, ber and many more. Bamboo is found on the slopes of the table top mountains and in the mixed forest zones.

For the green World Bandhavgarh is a jewel in the crown. It is home to one of the most endangered creature on Earth. The creature is without doubt the most beautiful or charismatic as well. It dwells in a complex surroundings absolutely at peace with oneself and thriving. Yes the species is locally thriving as a prime predator or tertiary carnivore. Being at top of the food chain it is the preserver of the ecosystem.

Humans lived here a long time back around two thousand years or more. The Gond tribes built a fort complex comprising of fort, courts, stables, caves, temples, and the zoomorphic idols of Lord Vishnu kept them spiritually connected to the creator. The last Maharajah ruled over the fort before deserting it for the better pastures at Rewa a township in Madhya Pradesh or Central India.

The Maharajah now is the tiger as it rules over this esoteric kingdom of animals and birds. There are plenty of birds, reptiles, insects and microorganisms that thrive here in wild abundance. This microcosm of life is a fragile web that support each other and the humans too.

The most sought after animal is the tiger and this preservation unit is meant to increase ts severely depleted population in India. The unit has seen remarkable success with numbers increasing every year. This breeding ground of big cats has been provided with intense protection and is subject to conservation measures some of which are natural while some depend upon human intervention.

A tiger conservation unit indirectly benefits all life forms and so is the case with Bandhavgarh. The population of herbivores like deer, antelopes, and primates which constitute the main prey of the big cats has substantially increased in the park. The park is home to more that two hundred fifty species of birds and about twenty plus species of reptiles or snakes. Python, cobra, krait, vipers, rat snake, tree snakes, racers, trinket snakes and keelbacks are often seen during the day.

Among the wild animals Nilgai, chinkara, barking deer, chital, sambar, langur, wild boars and bison are seen during the safaris. The park is divided into core area and the outer area called buffer. The core is the best breeding ground although the wild animals have spread to the buffer as well.

Popular for tourism Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve is ideal for photography. Many filmmakers and wildlife enthusiasts visit the reserve. But the largest number of visitors are the holiday makers.

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Pet Care is Important to Keep Your Pets Healthy

We find that many people love to keep pets. People who love animals always keep one at home. Cats and dogs are the two most common animals kept as pets. They are a source of companionship and the house is livened with the playful activities of the pet-animals. Having dogs as pets is preferred by a majority of the people, because dogs are loyal and they guard the house. Some people dread keeping animals because they either hate to take care of them, or they are scared of allergies from pets.

Apart from cats and dogs, there are so many other animals that are kept,like rabbits, fish, birds like parrots and love birds, guinea pig and sometimes monkey’s, spiders and even snakes. It is always better to avoid keeping wild animals as pets.

Although pets are considered as an addition responsibility, do you know that having pets has many health benefits? It has been found out that pets can reduce stress, reduce blood pressure and heart diseases, reduces loneliness, and will be there with you at tough times.

Whatever animal you keep as pet, the most important factor is that you have to take care of it. If you decide to keep an animal, you should also be willing to spend time and money to care for your pets. Caring for your pet should not be considered as a burden. Pets are like a part of your family and you should care for them just as you care for your children.

Make sure that your pet is given the proper diet. Avoid giving foodstuffs that are not suitable for your pet, like dogs are not be given chocolates. Your pets need your love and affection, so spend some time with your pet daily. Pet-sanitation training is also very important, so that they don’t dirty your house.

Your pet should always be kept clean. There are many types of bath and grooming accessories typically made for pets depending on their type and nature. There are pet shampoos and soaps and also pet combs to to prevent hair shedding and pet towels that absorb water faster.

It is very important that your pets remain healthy and free from diseases, and it is essential that you pet eats a balanced nutritious diet. The food your pets eat should contain carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, fat, proteins and water. If you have dogs or cats has pets. make sure you include raw meat in their daily diet. There are many types of nutritious dog foods available in the market.

Another very important thing is vaccination. Your pets should be vaccinated yearly to prevent them from contagious diseases. Ear mites are very common in cats and dogs and it can lead to infections. So a regular visit to the veterinarian is a must.

It is fun to have pets at home. Take proper care of them and they will always be your best friend.

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The Old Diviner

The Old diviner

My father had a geologist friend who knew of my interest in crystals and attractive pieces of coloured ore. He was going on a day’s journey into the bush with an old water diviner to site a new mine. My father asked if I could go with. I didn’t like the geologist, I felt that he considered me to be a burden, but I wanted to go deep into the bush. I wanted to see wild animals and find wonderful crystals. Most of all I wanted to see a hyena. The start of the journey was exciting, it was my type of bush – thick forests and open vleis (seeps) – but the dense forest soon petered out. Village charcoal burners had thinned the forests to make charcoal to sell across the border in the Congo. On the way there I was sitting straight, looking out for wildlife – but I saw nothing. The area had been hunted out long before. There were no crystals to be found either, and the geologist sarcastically said, ‘elephants and crystals don’t grow on trees sonny – anyway this bush is dead.’

Only a prig like you would say something like that, I thought. I had learnt the word prig from a Somerset Maugham story about an arrogant rubber plantation manager in Malaya. I liked both the sound and meaning of it. I could name a few prigs in Luanshya. The geologist was added to my prig list. The day was tedious and uneventful. On the way back I was tired. We had been out nine hours. I flopped back in my seat on the point of dragging my musings into a funk hole – I was told I was very good at that. The old water diviner, an Afrikaner who had been raised in the Karoo desert, the driest part of South Africa, must have sensed my gloom for he started telling me stories.

He told me he was able to find water with two copper rods, but that he could also divine with two green sticks. The geologist, who was actually doing the groundwork for a modern hydrological survey, respected the water diviner and his methods. They often yield interesting results, and had brought him along ‘out of interest’, so he said.

The diviner went on to tell me that contrary to what you see and think you know, Africa does not always deliver what you would expect. Even if you had prior knowledge as to what should happen – it might not happen. He said he used this way of thinking when he was divining for water. Underground water was never a given – Africa had many dry rivers both above and below the ground. He then fell into a preoccupied silence as he groped for his tobacco in a canvas bag under his seat. What was this wizened old man with tobacco stains on his teeth and fingers telling me? I guessed it was going to be interesting. Then he looked at me, and cleared his tarred throat; it was as if he was about to give a wedding speech. His pupils were glistening black diamonds in the wrinkled recesses of his eye sockets as my curiosity took a strong hold.

Out of earshot of the prig steering his rattling Land Rover, the diviner told me that in Africa, physical things could suddenly appear and then just as quickly disappear. ‘But they did nothing of the sort’ he said with a confident snort. ‘It was the way we were looking at them that made these strange things happen. Everything had an energy of its own which could never be lost – it merely altered its shape in time and space.’ Nodding in mused self-agreement, he then kept quiet for a good while. ‘Energies are like hyenas,’ he finally uttered. Wow! Now I really was all ears. I really wished I had a grandfather like him. With slow forceful words he continued, ‘An area could have no hyenas – then suddenly out of nowhere, one would appear.’ If someone in a remote village had been cursed; that night, without a single pug mark on the sandy floor of the village clearing, a hyena would appear at his door – even though hyenas had not been seen or heard of in the area for a very long time. ‘This was because the hyena had always been there,’ he said with a smug air of all-weather assurance.

True to form, the prig appeared oblivious to our important conversation, his mind doggedly fixed on the bumpy road that was pulling his vehicle to pieces. Once again I was sitting upright looking for hyenas in what remained of once thick Miombo woodlands while the old diviner spoke. My ears were pricked, my eyes peeled and my skin bristled – my bony little bum hardly made an indent on the green canvas of the backseat. Out there in the failing forest light I was hyper-sensitized to everything real and imaginary. I knew that hyenas were tribal omens for very important things in Africa, that’s why the Nyau and the Makishi only used effigies of hyenas in their most serious rituals. There was no logical reason for a hyena not to re-appear in the ‘dead’ bush, in the immediate here and now of our homeward journey in the prig’s rattle wagon.

The diviner continued: ‘Hyenas are a mystery to their fellow beasts. They can eject an aardwolf, an aardvark, or even a bad tempered honey badger from its burrow in an anthill, commandeer it, and with the collusion of the termites; do the strangest of things.’ Now I was nape hair erect and alert! My mind ran wild, throwing my thoughts all over the back seat and floor of the vehicle as it trundled down that remote dirt road. The light was receding fast and Mr ‘Cool’ the geologist put his foot on the accelerator of his ‘Landy.’ The diviner fell into another one of his tobacco chewing silences and I started to ruminate over things – I took as long as it took for him to suck on nicotine: spit spent tobacco, and pick his cracked lips free of the soggy shreds. Whatever it was that crept through his well-seasoned mind was worth waiting for.

‘Lion, in particular,’ he said, ‘despise hyenas, and will hunt them down and kill them – sometimes heartlessly killing hyena pups in the den so as to curb the number of hyenas in their territory.’ When being chased by a lion, he explained, a hyena would disappear down a burrow in an anthill and never come out. The lion would give an eerie howl of frustrated annoyance, but no matter how long a lion waited; even if a pride of lions took turns to be on guard for a month, the hyena would never come out – this was because the hyena was no longer there. ‘When a hyena takes over a burrow in an anthill,’ he said, ‘it is his intention that his mind and body be melted down by a sea of termites.’ This was very different to a dead animal being eaten by red ants. It was the morphing of the hyena into an aethereal life force that parasitically attached itself to all members of the termite Queendom. After an uncanny gulp of held breath he explained further; the termite mind is a collective mind, it thinks as a one mind spreading and sharing its synaptic thought processes between Queendoms right across subterranean Africa. Because the hyena had slyly embedded his spirit into this endless termitine mind – their ‘everywhere’ and their consequent awareness of all bush goings-on had unavoidably become his for his own perverse machinations. By the same willed intent, he would then coalesce his virtual spirit-being out of the termite world and back into his physical reality: to resurface wherever he felt his real presence was needed – or not needed, as in the case of the lion.

And with that, the old diviner returned to his tobacco pouch, leaving me to digest his awesome words.

What could have been a tedious journey home, flew by. The long edges of evening shadows melted into a deep velvet of forest dark; there to be sown up for the night with thin threads of wood smoke from village charcoal burners along the roadside. Soon we would be back in Luanshya with its cheery electric light windows and warm tarmacadam roads. Once home I asked my father to offer the old diviner a beer and a lift home – which he graciously accepted; luckily the prig was in a hurry to get back and write his report. For me it was an unwilling quick bath with Dettol, a willing fish finger and tomato sauce sandwich, and bed. I did not really object.

Hyenas danced a sly shuffle on the silver screen of my fading consciousness. I knew that they had been there in the bush, they were everywhere, even in my bedroom, but in reality, you just couldn’t see them.

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