Nature Vs Nurture – A Sociological Approach to Feral, Isolated, and Institutionalized Children

A common question related to sociology deals with the nature of the human being versus the way it is raised. Does one know if he is a boy or a girl upon birth, or does he make this distinction based on the actions and words of those around him? How does prison affect the functionality of a person once he is released to the world? These questions are strongly related to the nature versus nurture – does a human enter the world with basic human function, or does he develop these functions as a result of those around him.

One topic sociologists may study is feral children. These are children that were deserted at a very young age, with death usually the intention of the parents, but were rather raised and groomed by animals. Sociologists found that children raised by animals acquired the instincts and behaviors of the species that raised them. One example of this occurred in the 1700s, when a feral child known as “the wild boy of Aveyron” was discovered by scientists of the day. He was found in France in 1798, and it was observed that he walked on all fours, did not indicate pain related to cold temperatures, and pounced on small animals – devouring them raw in ravenous fashion. Although most sociologists will discard the significance of feral children because of the sparseness of cases, it still teaches us a lesson that children must learn how to act at a young age. This essential time of youth is when children develop many essential social behaviors.

A slightly more common study is on isolated children. These are children that were raised by one person or a small group of persons in an isolated area with minimal or no contact to a typical society. One girl, Isabelle, was raised by her deaf, mute mother in the attic of her grandfather. Upon being discovered at the age of 6, it was found that she could not talk, and rather relied on gestures to communicate with her mother. She also had a disease called rickets as a result of an inadequate diet and a lack of sunshine. This basically made her legs useless. Her behavior towards strangers, men especially, was like a wild animal. She treated them with fear and hostility – and could only make noise in the way of strange croaks. Initially she scored nearly zero on an IQ test – but because Isabelle was discovered at such a young age, she was able to reach the learning level expected from her age in two years. It is possible that results of isolation can be reversed if the child is younger than twelve. The primary problem, however, was a lack of a language, which is basic to all human interaction. All other interaction can be divided into sub categories to vocal communication.

These first two studies, isolated and feral children, can be viewed through one of Charles Horton Cooley’s theories on human interaction. Cooley, who lived in the late 1800s, created a theory that summed up how human development occurs, capturing the theory in the concept of ‘the looking glass self’. This theory had three primary elements: we imagine how we appear to those around us, we interpret others’ reactions, and we develop a self concept. The basic gist of it is that we look at those around us, and base our appearance and social interactions on what they do and what they expect. If a feral child is raised by animals, he is going to acquire the attributes of those animals. Likewise, an isolated child will base his actions on other isolated individuals or no one, and will develop little or no basic interaction skill.

Still more common than isolated or feral children is institutionalized children. Two or three centuries ago, orphanages were much different than they are now. Children were raised with little or no care on a strict schedule. On top of this, children were often beaten, ragged, and denied food. As a result, children coming from orphanages tended to have difficulty establishing close bonds with others, and have lower IQs. In an account of a good Iowa orphanage in the 1930s, children were raised in the nursery until about six months. They were placed in cribs that had tall sides, effectively limiting vision to the world around them. No toys were hung from the cribs, not mother held them closely. The interaction they did get was limited to nurses who changed diapers, bedding, and provided them medication. Although everyone assumed that mental retardation was a “he was just born that way” issue, two sociologists investigated and followed the lives of the children who were raised in this Iowa orphanage. H. M. Skeels and H. B. Dye began to understand that a lack of mental stimulation was depriving these children of the basic human interaction skills they needed to be effective members of society. In a study, they took thirteen children who were obviously retarded and assigned them a retarded woman who would look after them. They also chose twelve children who would be raised in the orphanage the usual way, and tested both groups for IQ. The first group was noted to develop an intense relationship with their respective ‘mothers’, and received much more

attention than their counterparts. While all of the studied children were still retarded, it was noted that the first group’s IQs spiked by a jaw-dropping average of 28 points. In an equally startling statistic, it was found that the other group’s average dropped by an average of 30 IQ points. This study demonstrated the importance of human interaction at a young age.

A final lesson can be taken from deprived animals. These are animals that were stripped from their mother at a young age and raised in isolation. A famous study regarding this topic was conducted by Harry and Margaret Harlow, who raised a baby monkey in isolation. They constructed two ‘mothers’ for their monkey, one which was a wire frame with a nipple on it from which the monkey could nurse, and one that was covered in soft fabric. They found that even though the first mother provided nourishment, the baby would cling to the soft mother when frightened, showing that the monkey felt more comfortable through intimate physical contact – or cuddling.

When the monkey was introduced to a monkey community, he was rejected, and had no concept of how normal monkey civilization was structured. He knew neither how to play normally with the other monkeys, nor how to engage in sexual intercourse, despite several feeble attempts.

Upon conducting this study with female monkeys, they found that those that did become pregnant became vicious mothers – they struck their babies, kicked them, or crushed them against the floor. These were monkeys who were raised in this isolated environment for years, and had no chance of integration to society. Other monkeys were observed to overcome these disabilities with increasingly positive results: a corresponding relationship with the amount of time spent in isolation. Monkeys isolated for three to six months were relatively easily integrated, while monkeys isolated for years suffered irreversible effects. When applied to humans, we understand that social interaction is key to a socially efficient product.

In short, society makes us human. Babies do not naturally develop into adults, and social ideas are not transferred via DNA. Although the body may grow, isolation victimizes them to be little more than mere animals. In fact, a lack of language skill results in an inability to even grasp the relations between people – such as father, mother, teacher and friend. In order to develop into an adult, children must be surrounded by people who care for them. This process called “socialization” shows that we are crafted by those around us.

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Animal Symbolism in Feng Shui – Your Key to Success, Happiness, and Wealth

Below are some common animals used in activating sectors in Feng Shui. There is a long list of animals you can use, this is just a sampling of them.

Cow: The Chinese honor the cow because it pulls the plow used to prepare the fields from which they reap their harvest and it represents the season of Spring.

Crane. Symbolizes fidelity and longevity. Placed with a water feature in the North, it represents good fortune, wealth, wisdom and longevity for mother and father.

Dolphins: Considered magical creatures. They are said to help you to think more freely and creatively. You may place dolphins in your child’s room or in your office.

Dragon: The dragon is one of the four Celestial Animals in Feng Shui and is the animal of the East. They can be placed almost anywhere in your home, but I would at least have one in the East. The dragon is considered “All Powerful” and is said to bring about wealth, prosperity, power, protection, great success, good luck and abundance. If you have a dragon that is holding or protecting a round object, that is said to be the Pearl of Life and symbolizes wisdom and great achievement. They do not belong in bedrooms or bathrooms.

Eagle: A picture or figurine of an eagle in full flight is an excellent symbol of success, strength, power and authority. Always have an eagle flying or perched on a tree do not show one looking fierce and predatory. Best placed in your career sector or N corner of your desk or office

Elephant: Elephants are considered sacred creatures in Feng Shui and are probably best known for their symbolism of wisdom. They also symbolize good luck, fidelity, fertility, longevity and virility.

Fish: (Arowana, Money Carp). The Fish is a symbol of wisdom, faith, freedom, wholeness and purity. In Chinese, the Arowana is called “Kam Lung Yue”, which means Golden Dragon Fish. This name is synonymous with great wealth in abundance. Fish represent Yang energy which brings good fortune into your home or business. Fish also symbolizes freedom from restriction. The fish is often seen on the soles of the Buddha’s feet which represents the power of energy.

Fu Dogs: Fu Dogs are part lion and part dragon. They are used to protect your home or office from negative energies and to ward off evil or people with bad intentions form entering your home. The male represents domain of the world at large, and the female represents offspring and home These are intended to be placed on the ground and to flank your front door. Place the male with a ball under paw on left side of door as you face out. The Female with a lion cub under her paw should be on the right.

Horse: In a galloping stance, the horse represents nobility, fame & recognition and is also used for single people looking for a life partner. Do not display a raring horse directly in front of or behind you. The best location to place the horse is the living room and in the South sector of your home or desk. Do not display the horse in any of the bedrooms.

Iguana: The iguana symbolizes creativity, spontaneity and playfulness. It is a good item to place in your child’s Personal Development sector.

Lion: Symbolizes courage and bravery. It is considered as a guardian and protector of businesses and homes. A pair of lions with both their front feet on the ground can be placed on either side of the front entry way to your home or business for protection of wealth.

Love Birds: Because love birds form an attachment to their partners and are said to pine away when one dies or they are separated, they represent devotion, fidelity and romantic bliss. Best placed in the SW of home or bedroom. These are the Western Culture’s equivalent to the Chinese Mandarin Duck.

Lucky Cat: The lucky cat has a very powerful symbolism in bringing luck and good fortune into your home. They can be placed in your Good Luck Sector or in the SE corner of home or desk. The legend behind the Luck Cat is as follows: In the 17th century , there was a run down and poverty stricken temple in Tokyo. The temple’s priest was very poor, but he shared what little food he had with his pet, Tama. One day, a feudal lord was caught in a storm while hunting and he took refuge under a big tree near the temple. While he waited for the storm to pass, the man notice Tama, the priest’s cat, beckoning him to come inside the temple gate. The feudal lord followed the cat into the temple and instantly, a lightning bolt struck the place where the lord had been standing. Thus the cat saved his life. From then on, the Lucky Cat has been considered an incarnation of the Goddess of Mercy ( Kwan Yin ).

Mandarin Ducks: Like the love birds, mandarin ducks represent devotion, fidelity and romantic bliss and should be placed in the SW sector of your home or bedroom.

Money Frog: This is a mythical animal known as the “Chan Chu” and is said to appear every full moon near homes that will receive news of increased wealth and good fortune. Also called the “Three Legged Money Frog” it is usually placed right inside your front door facing INTO the home. The coin in it’s mount should be place with the four symbols up, not down. It can also be placed in your wealth sector and next to a cash register. They are never to be placed in a kitchen, bedroom or bathroom.

Panda Bear: This beautiful animal is one of the most endangered animals in existence. It is called Da xiong mao which means giant bear cat in China. The Panda is believed to have magical powers that can ward off natural disasters and evil spirits and is also a symbol of peace.

Peacock: The peacock is the western culture equivalent to the phoenix in China. Placed in the SW of your home or bedroom it is said to attract and enhance happy relationships and marriage.

Phoenix: The phoenix is imaginary creature of the ancient Chinese Feng Shui. The phoenix is usually red or crimson in color and symbolizes the luck of wish fulfillment. The South corner of your home or office can be activated by placing the phoenix there. The phoenix is said to bring opportunities, fame and recognition. When combined with its “soul mate”, the Dragon, put in SW to attract happy relationships and marriage.

Red Bird: This can be an image or a figurine/statue of any kind of bird, a parrot, cardinal, etc. Put in the South for protection.

Rooster: If you have a lot of petty office politics going on in the workplace, displaying a rooster in your office is said to counter this negative energy. The rooster is said to quell arguments, backstabbing and politicking. Also, pointing the beak of a rooster towards a beam or column in the home will deflect the negative chi they can bring.

Tiger: The tiger is considered the king of the wild animals. It is seen as a symbol for royalty, power and fearlessness. An image of the Tiger is believed to dissipate negative chi. The Tiger is very important in Feng Shui because its stripes represent the auspicious balance of Yin and Yang.

Turtles: The turtle symbolizes support, longevity, endurance, wealth, happy family, long generations, good luck and fortune. Because the turtle is one of the celestial animals, it is said to possess protective powers as well. Legend tells us that the turtle has in his body the secret of heaven and earth and the design on his shell shows the Lo Shu magic square which is the guide for life. Turtles can be placed anywhere, but you should really have at least one in the North sector of your home. They can be facing in different directions based on what they are made of. For example: place crystal turtles facing North, metal turtles facing West, wooden facing East or Southeast, ceramic facing Southwest or Northeast. The Dragon Headed Turtle is a powerful symbol of wealth, health, prosperity and protection and should be placed in the North or the Southeast.

Wild Geese: Because wild geese always fly in pairs, they are excellent to put in SW part of your home or bedroom to enhance your romantic relationship. Geese are messengers of good news and represent the married state.

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Ferret Myths Dispelled

Ferrets make great pets, but there are some myths about them that prevent people from even considering adopting them. The information below serves to dispel many of the myths concerning ferrets. Hopefully, if you’ve heard and believed one of these myths, this information will help you to see that a ferret really is a fantastic pet.

Myth #1 – Ferrets are wild animals. Ferrets actually are not wild animals. In fact, ferrets can no longer survive in the wilds as they once could because only domesticated breeds exist now, with the exception of the Black Footed ferret. If a pet ferret is set free, he won’t survive for very long.

Myth #2 – Ferrets stink. This is true, unless the owner of the ferret has him or her de-scented. Ferrets have scent glands just like skunks do – and when they are frightened or threatened, those scent glands are released. The scent glands on their back, near the tail can be removed. Ferrets also have scent glands under their eyes, which cannot be removed. As long as the ferret is bathed about once a month, however, he won’t smell.

Myth #3 – Ferrets are rodents. This is not true. In fact, ferrets eat rodents. A ferret is actually a member of the weasel family. Weasels are not rodents either. They are Mustelidae.

Myth #4 – Ferrets bite. Yes, ferrets do bite, but it isn’t normally to be mean, and they can be trained not to. Think of it like this – A ferrets jaw is strong enough to break all of the bones in your hand. He won’t do that though. He may nip you while playing with you, but again, he can be taught not to.

Myth #5 – Ferrets carry rabies. Lots of animals can carry rabies if they are not vaccinated. Ferrets aren’t any different.

Myth #6 – Ferrets see well. In fact, ferrets don’t see well at all, and on top of that, the only colors they can see are red and blue. Because ferrets don’t see well, one must be careful about ‘sneaking up’ on one.

Myth #7 – Ferrets are dangerous to small children. This isn’t true. In fact, children are a danger to ferrets because they play too rough. This is why ferrets should not be around small children – not because the ferret may hurt the child.

Myth #8 – Ferrets cannot be trained. This is absolutely wrong. You can litter train ferrets, train them not to bite, and even train them to do tricks. Try training a cat to do tricks!

Myth #9 – If you are allergic to cats, you should not have a ferret. This is also absolutely wrong. In fact, ferrets are known as the hypo-allergenic pet. They don’t produce any pet dander. Ferrets are perfect for anyone who has any type of pet allergy.

Myth #10 – Ferrets must be caged, like hamsters. This isn’t true, although many ferret owners will cage their ferrets when they are not at home. This is for the ferret’s protection. Ferrets are highly curious, and often get themselves into dangerous situations if they aren’t being watched – much like toddlers.

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A Guide to Biking and Trail Running for Women

Ask any woman biker about what she adores about her activity, and she’s expected to go on explaining its numerous gifts – the sense of liberty, the feeling of exploring someone’s limits and being tougher, the gorgeous vista, the delight of endorphins, the acquaintances and community she has met through biking on carbon wheel set and trail running. They get the identical questions repeatedly: How will I identify where I am going? Is it secure? What about wild animals or snakes? What if I collapse? The list goes on. And yet, at first, many women have no reservations about biking and trail running.

These apprehensions are convincing, surely. But overcoming these can be a vast foundation of empowerment and, by doing so, will encourage you into the convivial arms of the utmost outdoor pursuits on this earth. Experts genuinely consider that any individual’s life can be better by cultivating a biking and trail-running routine. Just find your clan. Not all cities are as lucky to have something like Women on the Trails curriculum, but perform a little investigation in your town to notice if any beginner trail-running sessions exist. The majority of trail runners shall inform you you’ll be pushed to locate a more hospitable group of people.

If no groups are found, assemble some like-minded acquaintances, or a reliable buddy, and start your own casual adventure faction. Participating in a neighborhood trail race on your carbon road bike wheels is also a grand way to get together with other runners and bikers. It’s the ideal occasion to be familiar with trail running in a completely supported situation, inclusive of directional signs to make sure you are never gone astray, support stations to make sure you won’t run out of provisions or water, and gracious companionship along the way to make sure you won’t be by yourself.

Understand perils (or lack thereof!) and chart everything accordingly. In comparison to numerous activities we might employ repeatedly, driving a vehicle, whereas trail running and biking are reasonably low-risk activities. Certainly, it is also not devoid of any risks. Depending on the environs, think of the chances of wildlife encounters, injuring an ankle in the country, running out of food or water, getting lost, needing to stay alive for a night out in the wilds, lacking good equipment like carbon fiber bike parts, getting caught above the tree line in a heavy downpour. Thus, plan accordingly.

For More Information: http://www.carbonspeedcycle.com/

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Safety Tips for Rescuing Whales

The past few years have seen an increase in mass whale stranding with New Zealand having the highest rates in the world. Stranding whether of an individual animal or mass stranding can be as a result of old age, sickness, injury, navigational error or social bonding.

Most of the stranding happen in remote and unpopulated areas and go unreported. However, there are many success stories involving rescue of stranded whales. These rescue interventions represent a lot of a serious risk to both the animal and the public.

Here are some safety tips to consider when rescuing stranded whales:

1. Inspect the stranded animal from a safe distance to establish whether it is in distress, pain or discomfort. It is important to keep people and dog at a safe distance to avoid stressing the animal further.

2. Call an expert for help. Many countries have wildlife officers who are trained on how to handle stranding emergencies who work closely with qualified veterinary officers. People such as the local marine mammal stranding network or wildlife staff or the police would be able to help

3. When reporting the stranded animal, be sure to inform the officer of any distress and describe what it would be. Inform them of any injuries, strange physical activities or sounds. Remember to give the exact physical location to make it easier for the rescue team to locate you.

4. Maintain a safe distance from the animal. The animal may seem helpless but it is still a wild animal which may harm you instinctively to protect itself. A whale is a powerful animal which can cause serious injury to people should they roll in the water. In addition, the stressed animal may thrash its tail putting you at risk of getting injured.

5. Avoid any form of contact with the animal as whales may carry many zoonotic diseases. But, some reason if you touch the whale for, make sure that you wash your hands thoroughly.

6. It is important not to attempt to push the whale back to the water without adequate assistance. This might result to re-stranding which might lead to severe stress, injury, and death.

7. For the safety of the animal, make sure that the blow hole at the top of its head through which the whale breaths is not blocked or underwater. With adequate assistance, you may gently roll the whale, which might be lying on its side, onto their belly to make sure that the blowhole is facing upwards.

8. It is advisable to constantly pour buckets of water onto the whale skin all the while keeping clear of the blowhole. This helps to keep their skin wet and cool as plans are being made to return the stranded animal to the water.

9. If you have access to water-soaked burlap bags you can cover the whale’s skin to protect the skin form drying and shield it from sunburn. Be careful not to cover the blowhole and fins.

10. Stay with the whale until the rescue team arrives. They might need information about what happened at the scene before their arrival.

The purpose of aiding stranded whales is to get it back into the water. You should follow the instructions of the experts, who have the necessary training to care for such animals. In some cases it may be possible to push the whale back in the water but you must be careful not to harm the animal.

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Barometric Pressure and How It Affects Animals

Barometric pressure has a direct effect on the life around us. The amount of atmospheric pressure is constantly changing and sudden changes can create health issues such as migraines in people to affecting behavior in animals. Barometric pressure is a highly searched criteria reaching around 201,000 times a month on average within the United States and achieving over 300,000 searches with the spelling of barometric pressure.

Barometric pressure measures the amount of downward force that the atmosphere exerts within a specific air column. Barometric pressure travels in terms of peaks, flats and valleys and will rise and fall accordingly. Atmospheric pressure is a key means to predicting weather 12 to 24 hours in advance and has a 70% accuracy rate. Pressure sensors will detect a drop in atmospheric pressure as inclement weather approaches. Typically, pressure drops in front of a weather system and then will rise as the weather systems moves out of the area. High pressure typically entails bright, blue, clear days or nights while normal pressure periods results in scattered clouds. As the atmospheric pressure gauge drops, expect increasing clouds and possibly storms as the atmospheric pressure continues to drop.

As people may feel the effects of barometric pressure changes in terms of ear pain, dizziness or headaches, animals too are affected by pressure changes. Many animals rely on scent and scent is highly dependent on atmospheric pressure. When low pressure is in the area, scent will travel further and higher in the atmosphere but as the millibars continues to drop resulting in rain, fog or snow, the scent will hug the ground and last longer. On high pressure days, scent will dissipate quickly.

The overall relationship between barometric pressure and changing weather conditions results in changes in animal behavior. Hunters and anglers alike monitor the sudden drops in millibars to predict an increase in animal movement. This increase in movement can be attributed to the animals or fish expecting inclement weather and survival instincts to feed and stock up on energy to survive a period of discomfort associated with long lasting storms.

Hunters, anglers and those sensitive to changes in barometric pressure may benefit from monitoring and tracking barometric pressure readings from gauges and at home weather stations. There are several types of pressure sensors and monitors that are available on the market. The prices range on eBay from a few dollars to hundreds of dollars for high end at home weather stations that come with a variety of external sensors for gauging wind direction, barometric pressure, temperature, and humidity. The barometric pressure sensor on many models tracks the past 24 hours of pressure readings that allow the user to determine if pressure is stable, rising or dropping at any given time. The following devices are popular for the climate monitoring enthusiast:

The Honeywell TE923 is a Deluxe Weather Station that cost from $200 to $300 from Amazon.com and utilizes external sensors such as the barometric pressure sensor, temperature and humidity sensors, UV sensor for measuring harmful UV levels and wind and rain sensors.

MFJ 196RC Deluxe Wireless Atomic Weather Station is offered on eBay for slightly below $200 and also utilizes external climate sensors for measuring and displaying barometric pressure changes, wind direction, temperature and humidity.

One of the downfalls of these types of home weather stations is the difficulty in storing these measurements. All of the monitors that I have seen across eBay and amazon display roughly the same information with the same graphics. While the Honeywell weather station stores 24 hours of atmospheric pressure readings, the MFJ weather station stores 12 to 20 hours of readings. From what I can tell, these popular models do not write each data point to an external system or within its memory for long term analysis. Don’t let that hold you back from exploring or purchasing one of these weather stations as the NOAA collects this types of data from across the country. I believe you can subscribe to their feed and bring in historical and current data for a specific area.

Spending the time and money to monitor and track barometric pressure changes can help determine the type of behavior animals will exhibit. By understanding how rises and drops of barometric pressure readings will influence animal behavior, a hunter or angler will be able to more effectively prepare their strategy on how to hunt or fish.

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Some Things You Need to Know About Scabies

General Description and Location

Scabies, or Sarcoptes scabiei, are also commonly known as itch mites. Itch mites are tiny anthropoids that burrow into the skin of humans and animals. They are as equally parasitic to wild animals as domesticated ones. While different species of itch mites may be inclined to inhabit certain areas, they all tend to produce the same disturbing symptoms.

Typically, a scabies infection starts as soon as female mite comes into contact with a suitable host. At that point, the female will attach to the host with her teeth, as well as special scissor-like apparatus on the front legs. From there, the female will continue to burrow under the skin, lay eggs, and feed on blood from the host. Once the eggs hatch, they larvae will continue to spread out under the skin. In most cases, eggs hatch in 3 – 10 days, and then live for another 3 – 4 weeks.

Problems for Humans and Animals

When a human or animal becomes infested with scabies, the condition is often referred to as mange. Since Scabies cause severe itching at night, many people scratch their skin to the point where it does serious damage. At that point, it becomes fairly easy for bacterial and fungal infections to set in. Needless to say, this can complicate recovery, as well as lead to more misery.

Interestingly enough, it is estimated that at least 2% of the people in Great Britain have scabies. For the most part, these infestations start in the wrists and hands. No matter where you live in the world, it is best to avoid skin-to-skin contact with these surfaces in order to avoid attracting scabies.

Most animals with fur will lose all of their hair in the infected region, as well as experience intense itching and redness. In many cases, chickens and other domestic fowls will also develop “scaly legs” when infested with itch mites. Today, pigs are often the most common carriers of itch mites. Even though the life cycle for this particular parasite is fairly short, it can cause serious damage when it spreads throughout a herd of animals.

Natural Solutions

As a general rule of thumb, the best cure for scabies is avoidance. Unfortunately, these parasites are highly contagious even before an outbreak is apparent in any given person. If you become infested with scabies, you should do what you can to make sure that every person you have had physical contact with also gets treatment. Even though scabies is not considered a disease caused by poor hygiene, you will be well served by washing all of your garments and bedding on the “hot” cycle. Since itch mites cannot live more than 48 hours without a host, you will need to store items for at least that long after washing. It is also very important to shampoo carpets and any other area where the mites may burrow for warmth until a suitable host comes along.

Many people looking for a home remedy for scabies rely on turmeric and neem oil. As with other insecticides, neem oil interferes with the estrogen receptors in target organisms. In order to use this particular remedy, you will need to bathe in it, and add some oats to the mix. Turmeric can also be added to the bath for enhancement. If this method does not work, you can ask your doctor for a cream or ointment that contains permethrin.

Recent Outbreaks

Scabies outbreaks can occur in any facility where people are in close contact with each other. In the United States alone, there are currently outbreaks in various nursing homes and schools in Virginia, Massachusetts, and Illinois. Additional outbreaks are expected throughout the country.

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Explore the Wildlife and Nature in Kenya Safari Holidays

Kenya is a beautiful place in the world, which is targeted by tourists and casual visitors all round the year. It has breathtaking scenic view of hills packed with wildlife creatures. You can enjoy and relax to have a splendid holidaying experience and your kids can have great fun with wild animals in this place. The beaches, the landscape, the sceneries and the climate everything contributes to make Kenya, the most wanted place in the world. Animal lovers and bird watchers can have excellent pass time to capture several shots in their digital camera in Kenya safari holidays.

Summer months are very sunny and hence it is essential for you to carry sun screen lotions when you are planning to visit Kenya in summer. Before preceding your trip pack some swim suits which will be useful for exploring the high tide winds and breezing waves of the sea. Never forget to take your camera which is digitally equipped so that you can take as many natural pictures of rare species of animals and birds which turn around in Kenya. A visit to the amazing forests will become unforgettable experience in your life and you would long to come back again to enjoy the peaceful atmosphere with greenery and animals. Swim in the beaches; take a lion safari and elephant ride in the deep dense forests and what more you want for a memorable vacation.

Having a vast coastline, Kenya is the best place to enjoy the beautiful summer with all its wildlife and natural surroundings. National parks of Mara and Amboseli take you to separate world and the rich experience of the forest area will make your children fascinating. The people are so warm and friendly and never forget to taste the traditional food of Kenyans in roadside eateries. Mount Kenya is very famous tourist spot which is always busy even in winter season. In case, you are interested in mountaineering, then you have excellent chance to enjoy the thrilling ride of mountains in this place. In the next Kenya safari holidays you can enjoy animal ride from short distance and you will have the opportunity to see freely wandering animals very near you. In addition you can visit crocodile farm to watch different kinds of crocodiles. Explore animals at Shaba game reserve and Laikipia wildlife sanctuary and have fun at coastal shores of sea water and relax yourself in the sand of beaches to attain tranquility. Book your trip in advance to enjoy a pleasure trip and for reserving hotels you can make use of online websites.

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African Safari Tour

African safari holidays are an opportunity to view wild animals and breathtaking landscape in the continent. Tourists visit Africa so that they will experience a close encounter with the Big Five, namely the buffalo, elephant, leopard, lion, and rhinoceros. It is a rare opportunity to observe these animals in their natural environment.

Visiting a continent with various game reserves, national parks, protected wildlife, and spectacular coastline is an exciting experience. Here is the list of suggested safari destinations in Africa:

• Amboseli National Park in Kenya

It is one of the tourist destinations which presents the best safari and scenic views. You will admire the wonderful sight of Mount Kilimanjaro. This majestic mountain rises to about 5,900 meters. It is the stunning background of the huge elephant population wandering in the reserve.

• Bwindi Forest Reserve in Uganda

This is a World Heritage site and the habitat of mountain gorillas and chimpanzees. The area features spectacular landscape, steep valleys, and impressive waterfalls. It is also a home to a variety of birds such as the rare African Green Broadbill.

• Chobe National Park in Botswana

This park is situated in the Okavango Delta. The ideal season to visit the park is during the dry and the cool winter months of April to October. It is also the best time to see large herds of buffalo, eland, giraffe, and zebra assemble in the surrounding area of Savuti marsh. You can reach the park by car, making it a more affordable destination than the other parks in Botswana. In addition, it provides different types of accommodation to tourists.

• Etosha National Park in Namibia

This park is home to the tallest elephants in Africa. Other species who take shelter in this park are the cheetahs, elephant, giraffe, leopard, lion, rhino, and birds, and is one of the preferred destinations for photographers, particularly in the dry season when the animals congregate in the natural waterholes.

• Hwange National Park in Zimbabwe

This is the largest protected area in Zimbabwe with different animals such as elephants, giraffe, lions, wild dogs and other mammals, and a shelter to more than 400 birds and 100 mammal species.

• Kruger National Park in South Africa

Kruger National Park is located in South Africa and one of the best safari destinations in Africa. Getting to the park needs about five hours travel by car. The park offers abundant wildlife such as Big Five, cheetahs, crocodiles, giraffes, and hippopotamus. Wild cats are sometimes difficult to see due to the lush vegetation in the area. It is one of the oldest preserved national parks in the continent.

• Masai Mara Reserve in Kenya

Kenya is the most sought after destination for tourists seeking safari adventure. Masai Mara is on the top of the list of wildlife parks to visit in Kenya. It is the perfect setting for the migration of millions of wildebeest, zebra and gazelle searching for fresh rain grass. The ideal time to catch this spectacular sight is from July to October.

The variety of wild animals is due to the abundance of dense grasslands and forests. Local Masai tribes offer cultural tour such as village walks and warrior lessons so you can explore their rich and indigenous culture.

• Serengeti National Park in Tanzania

The park contains a vast area of grasslands, offering a clear view of lions killing their prey, and has a larger land area than the Masai Mara Reserve.

• South Luangwa National Park in Zambia

It offers an alternative safari experience, which involves walking in the park instead of riding vehicles during the tour. This park is home to about 60 species of animals and more than 400 species of birds. You will see several hippopotamus resting on the Luangwa River. The recommended time of year to visit the park is from April until October.

Indeed, Africa is a wonderful tourist destination where you will experience an adventure beyond compare. You can choose from the several parks and reserves in the continent to observe wildlife as they live in their natural habitat. Furthermore, its spectacular landscape and fascinating culture will surely provide a remarkable holiday.

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Wild Autofellatio Isn’t Just Something in the Animal Kingdom – Your Autofellatio Guide to Reasoning

When people think of “wild autofellatio” or “autofellatio in the wild,” we tend to have our minds wondering about what “animals” actually do perform this act in the wild.

What actually lives in the wild? Well, we did at one time. Our ancestors have shown that we all lived in the “wild.” Actually, some of us still do.

Some of us also seem to forget that we are, indeed, animals, too. Maybe because most of us no longer live like “wildlife.” But then, too, a lot of our animal friends live with us. Dogs, birds, cats, and the like.

People can perform most self-love acts if they train themselves in the proper methodology. The problem is that since “Man” has become overly domesticated, just like our pets, most of us have lost the ability to perform such things.

Part of this is because we have tended to put on extra weight because of our domestication. Another factor is that we sit for too long of periods of time that are bodies weren’t designed or built for. This alters the normal “posture” of our bodies. When posture is affected in this way, it compromises the ability for the spine and the joints to work properly.

We are also less physically active. We let machines do our work for us and we are now even letting machines think for us. We walk and run on hard surfaces that our feet, legs, and pelvises were not designed for. We wear high heels which shortens our calves and achilles’ tendons and affects the entire rest of our bodies.

We eat refined and processed food that inhibits our body to function properly. It does so by not giving the body the natural foods we were designed to ingest. Ever look at a bag of white flour? It’s enriched, bleached, and refined. Its actual food value is next to nothing. Studies show that rats fed enriched flour died faster than rats that were not fed enriched flour. Now, that’s something to think about the next time you eat a piece of bread.

If you offer a gorilla a banana that grew naturally and ripened on its own with your left hand. Then offered him a banana, with your right hand, that was picked before it ripened, and was ripened artificially in a methane chamber, what happens?

He will ALWAYS take the natural banana first, even if it is smaller. Think about that next time you purchase some fruit.

Humans are so out-of-touch with nature, it’s criminal. Even gorillas are smarter than us.

What other things affect our ability to perform autofellatio? How about stress? Sure, stress is a huge factor in our naturally-gifted ability toward autosexuality. Mental stress, that is. Stress manifests itself in tension and knotting up of our muscles and ligaments. This reduces are functionability. Our joints are then put under intense and unfortunate strain which hampers their abilities to function properly and allow us proper mobility.

Physical stress should be noted, too. Find a postal carrier that’s been delivering mail, by foot, for the last twenty years. Examine their posture and physical alignment. This is what happens if you carry a mail sack on just one shoulder for such a long time.

How about lifting improperly? Slouching in a chair? Weak abdominal muscles… The list is endless.

Is it so hard to wonder why more people don’t perform autocunnilingus or autofellatio these days?

However, today, the people who can perform such acts are considered “perverse.”

That’s a pretty bleak blanket to cast over a group of animals who would, in most cases, be able to perform such feats, if they just lived more natural lives.

That would be all of us.

Kimi Kalfino

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